First, let us talk about what is tanning? Tanning is a dark-colored layer that comes on the outermost part of our skin. The reason behind the tanning is the direct contact of ultraviolet rays with the skin.
Let’s talk about our skin, our skin is made up of epidermal cells layer and these cells roughly consist of 5% melanocytes which produce melanin pigment. Now we see how the sun affects our skin? As we all know Sun emits ultraviolet rays. These ultraviolet rays are of 3 types that are UVA, UVB, and UVC.
UVA rays are more harmful than UVB. UVB is responsible for stimulating our melanocyte skin cells for producing more melanin and UVA is responsible for the darkening of melanin which is already present in our skin, and this darkening of the melanin responsible for the formation of a dark layer on the uppermost part of the skin which we also called sun tanning.
When the melanocytes migrate from bottom to the topmost layer of the skin and absorb ultraviolet rays resulted in the formation of the brown color shield on the outer layer of our skin, and this shield is melanin. If this shield doesn’t form and UV rays directly come into the contact of our skin leads to many skin diseases which include skin cancer as well.
There are so many different methods available like homemade remedies and chemical peels to cure our tan skin. But it is also a fact that our skin can also recover by itself without any cure, our skin takes time to peel of the old brown skin and rejuvenate the new skin.
Many homemade remedies are available which helps us in the removal of tanning but these home remedies can also affect the sensitive skin and tend to irritation and deep pigmentation.
Nowadays many chemical pills are available in the market for the removal of tan, if the pigmentation is very deep then some advanced treatments like intense pulsed light therapies, laser treatments, etc are used.
Some tips to reduce the after-effects of UV Rays
- Apply broad-spectrum sunscreen on your body, 15-20 minutes before going out. If you are staying out for a longer time than continue to apply sunscreen after every 2-3 hours.
- Always try to wear a scarf, cap, gloves along with sunscreen to avoid direct contact with UV rays.
- If u want to swim please try to swim early in the morning or after the sunset.
- Try to include Vitamin C and Vitamin E in your diet like citrus fruits, orange, sweet lemon, etc. All these fruits have high antioxidants.
- Don’t scrub or rub your skin repeatedly, try to use fewer home remedies because these home remedies lead to irritation or increase in pigmentation.
- Drink large amounts of water. Water hydrates your body and helps in reducing pigmentation and tanning.